In 1959, Yad Hanadiv established the Rothschild Prizes Organization to support, encourage and advance the Sciences and Humanities in Israel. Prizes are awarded in recognition of original and outstanding published work in the following disciplines: Mathematics/Computer Sciences and Engineering, Chemical Sciences and Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Jewish Studies, Humanities and Social Sciences. The Prizes in the Sciences and Engineering are awarded every two years; Prizes in Humanities and Social Sciences are awarded every four years.
Individuals who have made outstanding and original contributions in the categories of the Prize
Nominations for Prizes are submitted by Presidents, Rectors and Deans of Faculties of Israeli universities, Chairs of relevant university departments, members of the Israel National Academy of Sciences and Humanities and previous recipients in the academic discipline in which they received the prize.