In 1959, Yad Hanadiv established the Rothschild Prizes Organization to support, encourage and advance the Sciences and Humanities in Israel. Prizes are awarded in recognition of original and outstanding published work in the following disciplines: Mathematics/Computer Sciences and Engineering, Chemical Sciences and Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Jewish Studies, Humanities and Social Sciences. The prizes in Mathematics/Computer Sciences and Engineering, Chemical Sciences and Physical Sciences, and in Life Sciences will be awarded every two years; Prizes in Jewish Studies, Humanities and Social Sciences will be awarded every four years. Nominations for Prizes may be submitted by Presidents, Rectors and Deans of Faculties of Israeli universities, Chairs of relevant university departments, members of the Israel National Academy of Sciences and Humanities and previous recipients of a Rothschild Prize in the academic discipline in which they received the Prize. The winners are selected by a Board of Advisers.